Some RUC schemes
Many RUC schemes have already been or are expected to be developed in Europe, either at national or at regional/city level. Each scheme has been developed according to self-defined goals and makes use of specific technologies.
London Congestion Charging & Technology Trials
The London congestion charging scheme was introduced in February 2003 and subsequently extended to the city's Western districts in February 2007. It consists of a camera enforced number plate recognition system. Between 2004 and 2007 Transport for London (TfL), through the Technology Trials Programme, investigated different road user charging technologies and their suitability to provide more flexibility to the operation of the scheme and/or potential to reduce operational costs.
As far as National Road Pricing is concerned, the idea has been on the political agenda for several years, including plans for national lorry charging which were postponed in 2005, but following the Downing St petition the Government has said that it has no plans to implement it at the moment. Nevertheless, between 2008 and 2013, soem 10 regions will develop road charging schemes.
Rome pricing scheme
The cordon toll installed in 2001 around the capital aims at reducing congestion and air pollution. The system is supported by 27 gates and technology for number plate recognition enforcement.
Stockholm urban charging system
All Stockholm city centre roads are concerned since September 1998. The city makes use of DSRC Transponder technology.
German LKW Maut tolling system
The German system for charging all lorries over 12 tonnes for using any part of the autobahn network (12 000 kms) began on 1 January 2005. Trucks pay between €0.09 and €0.14 per kilometer depending on their emission levels and number of axles. This scheme uses GPS satellite system with OBU as a marginal support for other technologies. About 500,000 GPS-based units are in use.
Austrian Tolling scheme
Austria introduced an electronic road pricing system on 1st January 2004. Austria charges all vehicles above 3.5t maximum gross weight on the primary road network. The toll is distance and weight based, with no emission or time or place distinction. Two axles are charged €0.130, three €0.182 and four or more axles are charged €273/km.
Swiss Heavy Vehicles Fee - LSVA
The Swiss distance-based heavy vehicles fee - Leistungsabhängige Schwerverkehrsabgabe (LSVA) - has been in successful operation since 1 January 2001. Charges are per kilometre and apply on all roads. The Swiss OBUs can be used in Austria, which constitutes the first example of interoperability. Around 50,000 units are in use. They are linked to the tacograph of the car. DSRC technology and GPS antennas (for checking consistency) are necessary, as well as 100 equipped border stations and an automatic licence plate reading system.
www.lsva.ch ; www.rapp.ch
French Heavy Vehicle Tax
On 14 January, the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing (MEDDTL) announced that that Ecomouv consortium, lead by Autostrade per Italia, had won the French tender for implementing a pay-per-km tax for for HGV>3,5. he Ecomouv consortium, comprising Atlantia (Autostrade per Italia), Thales, SNCF, SFR and Steria will now put in place a EGNOS-based fee collection system that will cover about 14,000 km of non tolled national roads. The concession will last for an estimated 13 year period, including a 24 month construction and design phase. More infgrmation can be found at: http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Classement-des-offres-finales.html
Slovenian road charging scheme
Since 1 July 2008, Slovenia has introduced a new motorway toll sticker “vignette” system for passenger cars and motorcycles. This new road charging system is applied to both national and foreign motorists using the Slovenian road network of motorways and express ways. The Republic of Slovenia also plans to introduce a free-flow multilane Electronic Fee Collection system for heavy vehicles above 3.5 t, whether they are national or foreign vehicles. Around 2 000kms on motorways, expressways and nationa roads should be covered once the system is operational (2011/2012).
Breaking news: Drastic EC Action needed against new Slovenian Vignettes, FIA Press Release, 19 June 2009
Slovakia HGV satellite based toll collection system
Previously, Slovakia operated a vignette system for highways and for vehicles > 3.5t for 1st class roads. On January 2009, the Slovakian road traffic authority signed a contract for the installation and operation of a satellite-based toll system for all trucks and buses weighing 3.5 tons or more on some 2 400 kms of road. This 'pay as you drive' system entered into operation on 1 January 2010 and is expected to handle up to 120,000 vehicles. More information about the scheme can be found at the following site: https://www.emyto.sk/web/guest
In Czech Republic, a general toll sticker is compulsory for motorways for vehicles <12t and a distance-related toll has been set up for vehicles >12t since 2008 (some 1500kms are covered). Some basic scenarios for satellite based RUC are currently being tested in the SISTER Project.
Hungarian national motorway toll
Hungary has a paper-based 'vignette' system for charging lorries for using selected Hungarian motorways and has announced plans to move to an electronic system, which would almost certainly be GPS-based. The tender is expected to take place in 2010 and the system should be operational by 2011/2012. It should include above 5000 kms of motorways, expressways and national roads, for trucks > 7.5t.
Belgian Regions reach agreement on principles of RUC scheme
On 19 January, the three Belgian regions, Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels reached a political agreement that paves the way for the introduction of road charging scheme in Belgium as of 2013. In practice, this means that as of 2013, trucks would no longer be subject the Eurovignette scheme currently but would pay per km. This will be accompanied by an electronic vignette for passenger cars. The preliminary deal now requires the approval of the regional parliaments in order to go ahead.