GINA innovative approach
GINA project develops RUC and VAS EGNOS/Galileo-based applications in order to prove that the EU GNSS technology is a must for the reliable and compliant implementation of these applications. GINA will also bring together EGNOS and road pricing/VAS applications in a realistic environment with the objective to propose a solution close to commercialisation.
GINA technical programme fully considers the use of the EGNOS integrity service which allows to get a GNSS-only road pricing scheme of guaranteed performance, i.e this scheme does not need any other technology to compensate the GPS weaknesses as, for instance, the German TollCollect system.
The technical programme is based on a service architecture capitalising on existing components previously developed under internal or GSA-funded research projects (GIROADS as an example). Key to the architecture design is the use of the same On Board Unit (OBU) for multiple services which is a fundamental aspect of end user acceptance. The OBUs used in GINA are the only ones using EGNOS and providing positions with integrity which have been tested in real trials (TfL CLoCCS, ABvM in the Netherlands). The system defined by the project will address the use of EGNOS /EDAS and will take into consideration further aspects such as the integrity availability or the adaptation to real end user requirements.
Once in place, road–pricing and VAS applications demonstrations will be carried out in The Netherlands, in real environments.
Using real end users requirements as a reference
The GINA applications will satisfy the requirements of real end users: the Dutch Government for road pricing or real commercial users for VAS schemes -a car leasing company, ARVAL for Pay-As-You-Drive, AENOR for road tolling and traffic management-. Moreover, the project will benefit from the active support of the Spanish R&D center CENIT which has built strong links with multiple end users within the framework of its national activities (public administrations, etc.).
The reference to clear and real end user requirements will enable the implementation of innovative and advanced services and applications closer to the user's needs.
1- Road User Charging in the Netherlands: the ABvM requirements
Presently, the Dutch government uses vehicle ownership as a basis for payment. However in December 2007, it clearly contemplated the idea to introduce a different form of payment which would consider the use of a vehicle. Fairer allocation of costs as well as positive effects on traffic, economy and environment are expected. This nationwide price per kilometre scheme for all motor vehicles, on all roads is expected to be launched in 2012.
One of the conditions imposed by the Dutch government to the introduction of the ABvM scheme (“Anders Betalen voor Mobiliteit” – “an Alternative Payment Method for Mobility’) also called KMP - “Kilometerprijs”) is that implementation costs are considerably lower than the average cost of € 3 billion estimated in 2005. The operational and enforcement costs should be reasonably proportionate to the revenue: as low as possible and no more than 5 %.
In this context (national network and low cost targets), the use of satellite navigation systems only appeared to be absolutely relevant and much more appropriate than other classic technologies such as DSRC.
Although GNSS-based RUC schemes for trucks have already been introduced in Germany and Switzerland, they still require completion with other technologies. Then the future Dutch ABvM system will be the first and unique nation-wide road pricing scheme for all roads and all vehicles based on GNSS only. Its requirements and characteristics will very probably serve as a de facto standard for the future GNSS-only based RUC implemented in other Member States.
At the moment, some clear requisites have been established:
Tariffs per kilometre will depend on vehicle characteristics (at least environmental characteristics), time and the place the vehicle is driving through.
“Overcharging should be less than 0,1% of all invoices”. This clearly implies the use of an extremely reliable technology to unequivocally identify that the vehicle has travelled each segment.
The system shall include possibilities/facilities to charge occasional road users, i.e users which do not have the on board equipment.
About the ABvM systems (in Dutch):
Implementation of road pricing system, Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, 27 June 2008
“Cost benchmark for kilometre pricing in the Netherlands” - Report submitted by the Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management to the Dutch Parliament in September 2006
Minutes meeting special knowledge group ABvM
2- Car leasing company requirements
The Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD) GINA demonstration will satisfy the requirements imposed by a real commercial user of the system, namely ARVAL car leasing company. The clear definition of these requirements will be handled by Work Package 2.1.
3- Motorway operator requirements
AENOR, the other end user present in the GINA consortium, will provide a theorical perspective that will be taken into account when defining the road tolling and the traffic management requiements to comply with. Their viewpoint will be of tremendous importance to make sure that the GINA road tolling and VAS schemes can be effectively extended to different EU countries.